危局論

文出維基大典
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馬學
Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels
Symbol-hammer-and-sickle.svg 共產主義研論

危局論者,今言資制模法之危局也。

夫經計之危局,古亦有之,蓋其殖力庳低而致之。資制模法為之一變,因其無序生產,殖商爭存,摘埴索塗,殖產無向,必軼出所求也。然因殖商剝削,勞工數多而不可买尽,殖商数少而無需買盡,周而復始,必致勞工無文以購、殖商因無弗購,此危局也。

舊時危局解法蓋更始分市,最初之殖商潰退,新者代之。今之解法不同舊時,蓋以法令干涉,調和過渡,然其必令危局沿緣後世,惟毀壞力削弱耳。若夫兩者,悉同馬公所言:“資產階級何以勝危局邪?若毀壞巨數之勞績,若佔据新市,盡用舊市也。此何法哉?蓋令危局亦加猛烈之法,蓋令解法亦少之策也。”

[一]

  1. And how does the bourgeoisie get over these crises? On the one hand by enforced destruction of a mass of productive forces; on the other, by the conquest of new markets, and by the more thorough exploitation of the old ones. That is to say, by paving the way for more extensive and more destructive crises, and by diminishing the means whereby crises are prevented.